How We Learned About Viruses and What They’ve Taught Us About Life

Viruses have been and continue to be a puzzle to solve, and the more we learn about them the more we learn about fundamentals of life in general. Until the electron microscope and the ultracentrifuge became available from 1935 to 1940, no one could see or chemically analyze a virus. But over 40 years earlier,... Continue Reading →

Themes Common to Chemistry, Biology and Society

It does not often occur to us that there are four common themes shared by chemistry, biology and human societies: unity, continuity, diversity and interaction. Unity There is unity in chemistry because all matter consists of atoms subject to nature‚Äôs four forces. With the intake of the appropriate energy, the electrons of any substance, and... Continue Reading →

WordPress.com.

Up ↑